Special education in South Korea: Policies and issues


Although South Korea has a relatively short history of special education, the country has made remarkable improvements following the Special Education Act (1974) and Act on Special Education for Persons with Disabilities (2008) mandates. The meaningful social inclusion of individuals with disabilities is a fundamental goal documented through the law and five-year development plans for special education in South Korea. However, multiple areas require more intensive attention, such as preparing general and special education teachers, promoting the public’s disability awareness, and designing quality special education curricula. The present article provides an overview of the overall special education system in South Korea and discusses contemporary issues.

Journal of Special Education Preparation